Lunar and Solar Eclipse
An eclipse happens when one object in outer space is temporarily hidden by another object. When the Earth comes exactly in between the Sun and the Moon, the Earth blocks the sunlight from the Moon and we see a lunar eclipse. This can be a partial or total eclipse. An eclipse can last for over an hour and only happens during a Full Moon.
By a bizarre galactic coincidence, the Moon and the Sun appear to be almost exactly the same size in the sky from Earth. The Sun is about 400 times further away from the Earth than the Moon but the Sun’s diameter is about 400 times bigger than the Moon. This phenomenon allows us to see a solar eclipse from Earth. A solar eclipse happens when the Moon passes between the Sun and the Earth and the Moon totally or partially covers the Sun. This can only happen at a New Moon and can only be viewed at certain places on Earth where the darkest part of the Moon’s shadow, or umbra, falls